The city is now spending more on financial fees than on maintaining its roads
By David Sirota
When a city is forced to spend more on Wall Street fees than on basic public services, it is a sign of trouble. When that city is one of America’s biggest population centers, it is a sign of a burgeoning crisis.
That’s the key takeaway from a recent report looking at Los Angeles city finances over the last few years. Published by the union-backed Fix LA Coalition, the report details how the city has slashed its spending in the wake of revenue losses from the Wall Street-engineered financial crisis. Yet, as the analysis shows, the city is nonetheless still being crushed by Wall Street — in this specific case, it is being forced to spend more than $200 million a year on financial fees. For some context, that’s more than the city spends each year maintaining all of its roads.
So what specifically are these fees? According to the data, more than $130 million worth of fees go to Wall Street money managers who oversee some of the city’s pension investments. That’s only a conservative estimate, however, gleaned from analyzing documents that are publicly available. Because there’s no single central accounting of the fees, and because other fees may be secret, the report notes that, just like in most locales, “neither the boards nor the investment staff employed by the boards know [exactly] how much they pay in total fees.”
Moving forward, Los Angeles is now on the hook for $65.8 million worth of new fees in the next 14 years, thanks to a 2006 interest-rate swap deal.
“[Those] deals were sold on the assumption that they would save L.A. taxpayers money,” notes the report. “But after the banks crashed the economy, the federal government drove down interest rates as part of the bank bailout, and now the banks are reaping a windfall at taxpayers’ expense.”
If this latter part of the story sounds familiar, that’s because it is all too common. Indeed, as my PandoDaily colleague Nathaniel Mott and I have reported, this particular scheme has plagued cities across the country.
For instance, a recent study by former Goldman Sachs investment banker Wallace Turbeville documented how an interest-rate swap deal was a big driver of Detroit’s fiscal crisis. In his report documenting Wall Street’s demands for “upwards of $250 to $350 million in swap termination payments,” Turbeville concluded that “a strong case can be made that the banks that sold these swaps may have breached their ethical, and possibly legal, obligations to the city in executing these deals.”
Likewise, Rolling Stone’s Matt Taibbi documented how interest-rate swaps in connection with a water treatment plant were at the heart of Jefferson County, Alabama’s infamous bankruptcy.
Meanwhile, a 2010 front-page story in The New York Times showed how a swap deal in Denver orchestrated by then-superintendent Michael Bennet blew a hole in the city’s school budget. In 2013, Bloomberg News reported that “Wall Street banks collected $215.6 million that Denver’s public schools paid to unwind swaps and sell bonds” — a sum that “is about two-thirds of annual teaching expenses.”
Recounting all of this is enough to depress anyone, but there is at least some sliver of good news. Los Angeles City Councilman Paul Koretz is proposing to exclude the banks at the center of the interest-rate scheme from any future business with the city unless those banks renegotiate the terms of their rapacious deal.
While this may not be a comprehensive solution — and may not work perfectly — it is a start. The proposal shows that there are still ways for cities to start combating Wall Street’s most destructive schemes. The fight is certainly long overdue, but better late than never.
David Sirota is a staff writer at PandoDaily and author of the best-selling books “Hostile Takeover,” “The Uprising” and “Back to Our Future.” Visit davidsirota.com or follow @davidsirota on Twitter. A version of this column also appeared at AlterNet.org.