The Primary Election will be held Tuesday, June 6th. Polls open at 7 a.m. and close at 8 p.m.

To find the location of a neighborhood polling place, a sample ballot, or information on early “touchscreen” voting (only through Friday, June 2nd) go to or phone (800) 815-2666.

Primary elections are held to eliminate multiple candidates from the same political party competing against each other in the same race.

The candidate who receives the most votes in the primary goes on to represent the political party in the General Election, to be held Tuesday, November 7th.

Thirteen Democrats are competing in five local district races: two U.S. House districts, two State Assembly districts, and one State Senate district.

Two or more Republicans are not competing against each other in Primary Election local district races, but they are competing in races for statewide office.

See the Easy Voter Guide starting on page 33 for more information on races for statewide office and state propositions.

36TH DISTRICT, U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES — Incumbent Jane Harman faces challenger Marcy Winograd. The district includes Venice, Mar Vista, Playa del Rey, and Marina del Rey and encompasses an area from West Los Angeles to San Pedro.

JANE HARMAN was first elected in 1992. In 2002, she was appointed by Democratic leadership to serve as the ranking Democrat on the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence.

She also serves on the Homeland Security Committee.

Harman left the House in 1998 to run for governor of California and while out of office served as a Regent’s Professor at UCLA, teaching public policy and international relations.

In 2000, she won back the House district seat.

Prior to election to Congress, she worked as an attorney, as special counsel to the Department of Defense, and as deputy secretary to the Cabinet in the Carter White House.

She began her career on Capitol Hill as chief counsel and staff director for the Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Constitutional Rights.

A graduate of Los Angeles public schools, Harman attended Smith College and Harvard Law School.

Her goals for a new term include sending through the House multiple-point plans for exiting Iraq, securing U.S. ports, and reforming healthcare.

“We have two objectives in Iraq — to facilitate a viable power-sharing agreement among Sunnis, Shiites, and Kurds, and to turn over responsibility for security to the Iraqis on a steady basis,” Harman says. “Our 60-year presence in Germany and our 50-year presence in Korea make people nervous that American Marines will be living on a base in downtown Baghdad a half-century from now.”

Harman has visited Iraq many times. Her last trip was on September 30th.

She wants the Bush Administration to develop an exit strategy that “honors the sacrifices of more than 2,000 troops and justifies the expenditure of billions of dollars.”

She is also hoping to pass the Security and Accountability for Every (SAFE) Port Act of 2006.

This three-pronged bill with multiple subpoints is designed to enhance existing security at U.S. ports, prevent threats from reaching the U.S., and track and protect shipping containers en route to the U.S.

Harman’s four-point plan to reform the healthcare system includes transparency, technology, prevention, and affordability.

“The President’s plan for health savings accounts barely cracks open the lid,” Harman says. “Shopping for healthcare isn’t like buying a cell phone. Consumers don’t have enough information to readily compare different health procedures, providers, prices and policies.”

Harman’s other goals for a new term include supporting women’s rights and environmental rights.

MARCY WINOGRAD is the president of Progressive Democrats of Los Angeles.

Winograd is challenging Harman for what she says is Harman’s support of the war in Iraq, the Patriot Act, nuclear weapons development, secret detentions, and illegal government wiretapping of private American citizens.

“The best intelligence, the most effective defense against terrorism is to craft a sound foreign policy and build strong social networks that unite, not divide, the world community,” Winograd says. “Pre-emptive wars that kill and maim thousands of innocent Americans and Iraqis will only create more terrorists and undermine our security.”

Winograd is a National Board Certified teacher and literacy expert who coaches teachers at Wilmington Middle School, Flemining Middle School, Marina del Rey Middle School and elsewhere in the 36th District.

She is a longtime opponent of the war in Iraq and was involved in getting an anti-war resolution passed at last year’s California Democratic Convention.

She also helped State Assemblyman Paul Koretz draft a resolution calling for a moratorium on depleted uranium weapons systems and State Senator Debra Bowen pass a bill requiring a paper trail for electronic voting machines.

Previously, Winograd managed the 2004 Democratic Club Headquarters in Santa Monica and received an “L.A. County Democrat of the Year” award.

She currently hosts They Say/ We Say, a public access television show that highlights the plight of returning veterans and underscores the importance of citizen activism.

Her position on a variety of issues includes support for universal single-payer health care, corporate incentives for alternative energy development, media reform that favors local autonomy over corporate consolidation, a national voter-verified paper trail for ballot machines, and campaign finance reform.

She also supports decriminalization of immigration, abolishment of the death penalty, and censure and impeachment of President Bush and Vice President Cheney for alleged crimes related to the war in Iraq and wiretapping.

Her top goal is to get U.S. troops out of Iraq now.

“Any Iraqi soldier standing next to an American GI might as well wear a bulls-eye,” Winograd says.

“This is not about training enough Iraqi troops. This is about withdrawing from Iraq so that those Iraqis who want de-mocracy can speak with legitimacy.”

35TH DISTRICT, U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES — Incumbent Maxine Waters faces challenger Carl McGill. The district includes Westchester and Playa Vista, parts of Playa del Rey, Gardena, Hawthorne, Inglewood, and Lawndale.

MAXINE WATERS was elected in November 2004 to her eighth term with 80 percent support from voters.

She was the former chair of the Congressional Black Caucus and for several years has held the leadership position of Chief Deputy Whip of the Democratic Party in the House.

She is co-chair of the House Democratic Steering Committee and serves on the House Committee on Financial Services, the Subcommittee on Housing and Community Opportunity, the Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit, the Subcommittee on Domestic and International Monetary Policy, Trade and Technology.

She also serves on the Committee on the Judiciary and its subcommittees on Courts, the Internet, Intellectual Property, Crime, Terrorism, Homeland Security, Immigration, Border Security, and Claims.

In June 2005, she founded and became chair of the “Out of Iraq” Congressional Caucus, which now has more than 70 members.

Her legislative goals have included economic and urban development for inner cities, protecting the environment, promot- ing peace and human rights, and developing minority AIDS initiatives.

She has served on the Democratic National Committee since 1980 and was given leadership roles in five presidential campaigns.

Prior to her election in 1990, Waters spent 14 years in the California State Assembly where she helped create legislation that divested state pension funds from South Africa, prohibited police strip searches for nonviolent misdemeanors, and installed affirmative action measures.

She has a Bachelor of Arts from California State University at Los Angeles and began her career in public service as a teacher and volunteer coordinator with Head Start.

CARL MCGILL is a community activist and former police officer from the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD).

He settled in Inglewood with his mother and siblings after moving from New Haven, Connecticut in 1974.

McGill says he spent his teenage years in the 1970s defending himself from gangs but he found strength through God and a recreational staff job at Inglewood’s Rogers Park.

He joined the LAPD in 1985 and “went after gangs with a vengeance.” He spent 16 years on the force and became a national expert on street gangs.

He was once named “Person of the Week” by ABC World News and honored by Newsweek magazine as a “Future California Crime-solver.”

McGill was also recognized by many journalists for his work in internal police reform after the Rodney King police beating in 1992 and he has been credited with a role in forcing former LAPD Police Chief Daryl Gates to resign.

He now works as a criminal justice professor for the University of Phoenix and founded the Black Chamber of Commerce and the Chamber of Commerce of Los Angeles County.

As a business consultant, McGill owns a fictitious business name service to help small businesses and publishes an online newsletter.

He is also the assistant western regional director for the National Congress of Racial Equality.

He bills himself as a conservative Democrat who supports the war on terrorism, education reform, immigration reform, and rights for gun owners.

He supports the Urban/Inner-city Democratic Club’s political philosophy, which is based on a long list of principles adopted by the American Conservative Union.

McGill has a master of arts in behavioral science from California State University at Dominguez Hills.

51ST DISTRICT, CALIFORNIA STATE ASSEMBLY — Assemblyman Jerome Horton is termed out of office and is seeking election as a member of the state Board of Equalization.

Gardena mayor pro tem Steven Bradford and Inglewood City Councilman Curren Price are challenging each other for the Democratic Party ticket.

The district includes Playa Vista, Del Rey, Gardena, Hawthorne, Inglewood, Lawndale, and Torrance.

STEVEN BRADFORD has served on the Gardena City Council since 1997.

He attended San Diego State University and California State University Dominguez Hills, earning a bachelor’s degree in political science and a paralegal certificate.

He worked as a marketing representative with IBM, as a program director and recycling coordinator for the Los Angeles Conservation Corps, and as a solid waste director for the City of Compton.

He also worked as a district director for Congresswoman Juanita Millender-McDonald’s Torrance office.

“I have dedicated my life to public service and with the experience I have gained, I know I am ready for the challenges in Sacramento,” Bradford says. “I want to ensure that all the people in the 51st District have access to quality, affordable healthcare, that our children attend good schools, and our streets are safe from crime and violence.”

He has outlined plans to accomplish his goals, including additional education funding to reduce class size, free healthcare for every California child under age 19, and increased funding for public safety.

CURREN PRICE was first elected to the Inglewood City Council, where he served from 1993 to 1997 and he was reelected in 2001. He now serves as chair of the Economic Development Committee.

He was born in Los Angeles and spent his adolescent years in Inglewood.

He has a bachelor of arts in political science from Stanford University and a juris doctorate from the University of Santa Clara.

Between 1997 and 2001, Price was the founding executive director for a community development corporation serving the Hyde Park Community.

He was also the Southern California director for a statewide association that provides training to assist community-based organizations implement economic development strategies involving housing, business assistance, and real estate projects.

Price is currently active in civic affairs and has served on the boards of many community organizations.

He also served as a consultant with the Southwest Los Angeles County Small Business Development Center.

He maintains teaching credentials for adult education and community college instruction and is a “reading ambassador” for an Inglewood nonprofit foundation.

“My priorities for the 51st District are to improve funding for higher education and community colleges by fighting to make adjustments in the distribution of funding that favors resources for students and additional income for teachers, develop a universal healthcare system that works without raising taxes, and improve transportation with better roads and alternatives to traffic congestion in urban communities,” Price says.

He also wants to curb gang activity “while preserving individual rights,” increase the minimum wage, reform the election process, create affordable housing, support organized labor, and create economic growth.

41ST DISTRICT, CALIFORNIA STATE ASSEMBLY — Assemblywoman Fran Pavley is termed out of office. The district includes Santa Monica, Agoura Hills, Calabasas, Encino, Hidden Hills, Malibu, Pacific Palisades, Port Hueneme, Oak Park, Tarzana, Topanga, Woodland Hills, portions of Oxnard, and Westlake Village.

Five Democrats are vying for the Democratic Party ticket: Julia Brownley, Barry Groveman, Kelly Hayes-Raitt, Jonathan Levey, and Shawn Casey O’Brien.

JULIA BROWNLEY has been a community activist for more than 20 years and currently serves as president of the Santa Monica-Malibu Unified School District board of education.

She is endorsed by Pavley and Democratic California State Senator Sheila Kuehl, who represents Santa Monica.

Brownley compares herself to Pavley as “an education advocate with a passion for the environment.”

Education will be her number one priority, she says, followed by — in no particular order — transportation, environmental issues, and passage of living wage and union measures.

“Beyond public safety, the State of California bears no greater responsibility than providing our young people with the finest quality education possible,” Brownley says. “Doing so is not only essential to their futures as individuals, but to ensuring that the future of California remains golden as well.”

She has a bachelor of arts in political science from George Washington University and an M.B.A. from American University.

Her career has been in marketing management with several major companies.

BARRY GROVEMAN has been the mayor of Calabasas since 2005 and was first elected to the Calabasas City Council in 2003.

He graduated from the University of Wisconsin in Madison and the Southwestern University School of Law.

From 1981 to 1988, he served on the Southwestern University School of Law faculty as an adjunct professor of environmental law.

Since 1987, Groveman has been chair of the Public law and Environment Practice division at the law firm of Musick, Peeler & Garrett, LLP.

He handles cases on behalf of public entities, businesses and small businesses, and business associations in an effort to assist them in complying with environmental laws, other laws, and correcting mistakes through remediation.

“The time has come for new leadership for California — leadership with proven experience, bold ideas, and the energy and determination to solve the critical problems that face our state,” Groveman says.

He has commitments and outlines for issues such as protecting the environment, improving education, promoting healthcare, easing transportation gridlock, protecting firefighters and police officers in natural and terrorism emergencies, and opposing the war in Iraq.

KELLY HAYES-RAITT is a political consultant and former environmental representative for California Lt. Gov. Leo McCarthy and she helped found the Santa Monica-based environmental organization Heal the Bay.

She was also the former vice chair of the City of Santa Monica Commission on the Status of Women and was named the 2004 Los Angeles County Woman of the Year for her work in helping women and children in Iraq.

She has traveled to Iraq, both before and after the war.

Community activists have called her a “fearless advocate” for her 25 years of work on state legislative and initiative campaigns that have “protected the environment, secured consumers’ legal rights, promoted educational opportunities, protected workers, and fought for affordable and accessible healthcare.”

She has made more than 500 state and national radio and television appearances.

Hayes-Raitt says her desire for advocacy comes from her mother, her stepfather, and her father.

Her stepfather taught Mexican history and her father runs his own consulting business providing counseling and intervention support for substance abusers.

At age 12, she gathered signatures on petitions to help her mother, a semi-retired elementary school teacher, who was advocating for fair child support.

She says her mother and the Mothers for Fair Child Support successfully advocated for the first U.S. legislation to hold non-custodial parents financially accountable for their children.

Hayes-Raitt studied politics and journalism at George Washington University.

Her State Assembly campaign is a “clean money” campaign in which she has agreed to voluntary expenditure limits.

She bills herself as a progressive candidate on a number of issues such as campaign reform, workers’ rights, the environment, women’s rights, healthcare reform, rights for senior citizens, and building up public schools and community colleges.

JONATHAN LEVEY is an attorney, former business executive, and currently a teacher at California State University Channel Islands.

He is the vice president of Catellus, a real estate investment trust company whose California projects include Union Station, Mission Bay, and the Santa Fe Depot.

Prior to being with Catellus, Levey was an attorney with the law firm of Munger, Tolles & Olson, where he worked on trials and arbitration. His background is in public policy law.

He graduated with a degree in public policy from Princeton University and a law degree from Harvard Law School.

“I think we need to change the way Sacramento works,” Levey says. “Too many career politicians and insiders are running our state and haven’t been doing a good job of it.”

He hopes voters will listen to his ideas by writing a public policy textbook called Ideas in Action.

The book has six chapters on “Opportunity For Our Children,” “Caring For Our Future: The Environment,” “Neighborhoods, Traffic, and Quality of Life,” “Honoring Our Parents and Grandparents,” “Healthcare For All,” and “Putting It All Together: Government Performance.”

His campaign issues are clean air and protecting the Santa Monica Bay, increasing energy conservation and investing in alternative and renewable energy sources, managing traffic congestion, and increasing funding for public schools.

SHAWN CASEY O’BRIEN is a writer, progressive activist and radio talk show host.

He currently serves as co-host and co-producer of Access Unlimited, a disability awareness show on KPFK 90.7 FM. He also co-hosts the radio station’s statewide election coverage.

O’Brien advocates for the civil rights and economic interests of disabled and senior citizens and their families.

Born with cerebral palsy, he is himself disabled and “is not afraid to be proud of how you’re made.”

He founded and served for nine years as executive director of the nonprofit Unique People’s Voting Project, a grassroots effort to bring more disabled voters into the political process.

He has served in Sacramento as an advisor to the past three California Secretaries of State on voting rights and access matters, and is currently on the Secretary of State’s Voting Accessibility Advisory Committee.

He is also an author whose latest effort is as a contributing author of Voices from the Edge: Narratives about the Americans with Disabilities Act.

“As a progressive Franklin Delano Roosevelt Democrat, my politics are simple,” O’Brien says. “I believe in social justice and plenty for all.

“I also believe that, in the most affluent state in the richest country in the world, we ought to be able to, at a minimum, educate our young and take care of our old and disabled.”

He says his priorities are to save the social safety nets and restore and strengthen the state’s social infrastructure.

Key issues he has focused on include restoring funding for social programs, providing universal healthcare, developing a progressive tax structure, support for clean money campaigns, preventing election and voter machine fraud, environment protection, improving public transportation, rebuilding roads, providing free higher education, and providing affordable housing.

28TH DISTRICT, CALIFORNIA STATE SENATE — State Senator Debra Bowen is termed out of office and is seeking election as Secretary of State.

Former State Assemblyman George Nakano from Torrance and Assemblywoman Jenny Oropeza from Long Beach are challenging each other for the Democratic Party ticket.

The district stretches from Venice to Redondo Beach, then to the east to include all or parts of Carson, San Pedro, Long Beach, and Wilmington.

GEORGE NAKANO began his career in public service more than 20 years ago.

He served as a Torrance City Councilman for 16 years before being elected to the State Assembly.

From 1998 to 2004, he represented the 53rd District in the State Assembly before being termed out of office.

He says he likes a new campaign for State Senate.

“A lot of people know me, but campaigning again is much more intense and difficult,” Nakano says. “Unlike most politicians who show up for attention close to election time, I spend meaningful time with people from the start.”

Nakano was born in Los Angeles and grew up in a poor neighborhood in East Los Angeles.

After he and his family spent four years in internment camps during World War II, he returned to Los Angeles, graduated from high school in 1954, and served in the California Air National Guard for six years.

He worked his way through night school at El Camino College and California State University Los Angeles to earn a bachelor of science in mathematics.

He began teaching at Jordan High School in Watts and earned a master’s degree in education from California State University at Los Angeles in 1977 and served as an educational administrator in the Inglewood Unified School District until retiring in 1991.

In the State Assembly, Nakano focused on issues he says were critical to the South Bay — education, coastal protection, and economic development.

He says he is most proud of legislation he authored that regulated pollution from cruise ships and allocated $25 million in state funds for the preservation of the Ballona Wetlands.

He plans to take up the same issues in the State Senate.

“As a state senator, I will fight to fully fund education, reduce class sizes, and expand teacher training programs,” Nakano says. “I will also work to protect school-to-career vocational education programs, fight to expand access to affordable healthcare and prescription drugs, and fight to protect our coast, clean up our beaches, and preserve our environment.”

Nakano spends his free time serving on the boards of many community organizations and has a fifth degree black belt in kendo.

JENNY OROPEZA has represented Long Beach and surrounding communities in the State Assembly since 2000.

Named chair of the Budget Committee less than a year after the election, she worked on state budget issues at a time when California faced one of its worst deficits.

Since 2004, she has served as chair of the Transportation Committee.

She says she worked to fund mass transit and repair the state’s “aging transportation infrastructure.”

Prior to the State Assembly, Oropeza was a Long Beach city councilwoman from 1994 to 2000 and a member of the Long Beach School District board of education from 1987 to 1994.

From 1996 to 2000, she represented southeast cities on the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority.

She worked on the revitalization of downtown Long Beach by bringing in mixed-use loft housing and upscale restaurants and created an education model that helped close Long Beach’s achievement gap among minority students.

“I have been a leader on transportation, education, and environmental issues,” Oropeza says. “I am proud of my record of progressive accomplishments. I helped turn my school district into a nationally recognized model for innovation and excellence.”

Her career in public service began with two terms as student body president at California State University (CSU) at Long Beach, where she majored in business administration.

While at college, she was appointed by the governor to the CSU system board of trustees.

As a State Senator, Oropeza plans to continue her work from the State Assembly and focus on issues such as transportation, education, the environment, and healthcare.

Her goals are to make transportation improvements, reduce diesel emissions, fight for universal healthcare, and fully fund public schools.